Common Sports Injuries For Youth Athletes

Common Sports Injuries For Youth Athletes

Athletes of all ages can injure themselves playing sports, but youth athletes are especially susceptible to some injuries. They may not be used to the high levels of exertion required by their sport, they may not stretch properly or wear appropriate shoes and they are often too small for certain types of equipment. Many of these injuries could be prevented by proper training and stretching, wearing protective gear and taking frequent breaks from exercise.

The most common sports injuries involve bones, muscles and ligaments. These include fractures, dislocations, sprains, tendinitis and bursitis. A fracture happens when a sudden force causes a break in a bone. A bone can be cracked or broken all the way through, or it can break into several pieces. A fracture in the femur thigh bone is a serious injury that can require surgery to repair. Kids are particularly prone to knee injuries because they have different proportions of their legs to their bodies than adults, their growing cartilage is vulnerable to stress, and they may not be able to use proper technique.

Muscles can also be injured by sudden movement or a change of direction during a sport. The most common muscle injury is a strain, which is the result of a pulled or stretched muscle. This type of injury can cause pain and swelling. It can affect the quadriceps, calf, groin and hamstring muscles. A rotator cuff injury is common in swimming, tennis, baseball and other sports that require repetitive arm movements. Swelling in the shoulder and pain when lifting an object or reaching behind your back are symptoms of this type of injury.

Almost all sports put some pressure on the feet and ankles. Over time, this can lead to an injury called shin splints or medial tibial stress syndrome. This is when the muscles and tendons around the front of your shin bone or tibia become inflamed. It can happen in any sport that requires running, jumping and rapid changes of direction. Wearing good shoes and stretching is the best preventive measure for this type of injury.

Some sports also put a lot of stress on the spine and back. This can lead to inflammation around the vertebrae and back muscles, disc damage or upper and lower back pain. Back injuries can be caused by poor posture, not warming up or stretching correctly, or a twisting motion like throwing a ball or swinging a bat. Treatment for sports-related back pain includes resting, applying ice to the area and taking over-the-counter pain relievers. Your doctor may also recommend physical therapy or spinal injections.

Tendinitis is a condition that causes painful, stiff and swollen tendons. This is a chronic injury that can occur in many sports, but it’s most common in volleyball players, basketball players and runners. This is because these sports require repetitive motions that can overwork the tendons in the elbow area. Other sports that can cause tendons to overwork are swimming, rowing and gymnastics.